Outline of water allocation law and policy
From Water Wiki
"You cannot step twice into the same river, for fresh waters are flowing in upon you." ~Heraclitus, 500 B.C."You cannot click twice into the same water wiki, for fresh data are flowing in upon you." ~An Editor of the Water Wiki, 2007
Water--as a whole and in its many parts. The Contents page (always on the left navigation bar) has a list of all the articles in this wiki.
Water's forms and phases--the categories we use to describe it--are both ecologically-based as well as socially-constructed. The water categories page keeps track of the many ways water is divided by language: stormwater, groundwater, wetlands, river basins, watersheds, unaccounted for water, gray water, ....
Past and current water demand by:
- geographic region (ie. United States, states, and specifically North Carolina)
- NC water sectors (ie. residential , industry, etc)
- Season (showing impact of summer irrigation demand)
Future water demand:
The common law roots of eastern water allocation.
Ways in which the riparian rights doctrine has been statutorily changed to regulate water use.
- Registration and reporting
- Capacity use areas
- Drought rules
- Interbasin transfer restrictions
- Stored water act
- Water withdrawal permits
- Water planning
- Well construction requirements
- State Environmental Policy Act
- Clean Water Act section 401 certification
Basics of an important western U.S. approach to water allocation.
These U.S. and state constitutional provisions are the foundation on which all other statutes and rules that govern water are built.
Water governance is not purely a question of individual state decisions, although in the eastern United States, interstate arrangements for water allocation are the exception, rather than the rule.
Goals and criteria for governance of freshwater
Some ideas for changes in water policy to address perceived problems in the present system. And links to other states' water planning and reform efforts.
State law for protecting instream flows (also known as ecological flows) should be based on the model language found in the regulated riparianism document edited by Dellapenna. Suggested statutory language is:
§xx.xx Preservation of Water Flows and Levels
The State shall preserve flow regimes and groundwater levels in all water sources as necessary to protect their ecological integrity by reserving such waters from allocations and by authorizing additional protections of the waters of the State.
The Water Allocation Study
Background and approach of the research; Resilience as a goal for water policy; study methodology as a resilience assessment; Principal investigator Richard Whisnant; Principal investigator Bill Holman; the study team.